Using Pyro for Estimation

Note

Currently we are still experimenting with Pyro and support Pyro only in LGT and KTR models.

Pyro is a flexible, scalable deep probabilistic programming library built on PyTorch. Pyro was originally developed at Uber AI and is now actively maintained by community contributors, including a dedicated team at the Broad Institute.

[1]:
%matplotlib inline

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

import orbit
from orbit.models import LGT
from orbit.diagnostics.plot import plot_predicted_data
from orbit.diagnostics.plot import plot_predicted_components
from orbit.utils.dataset import load_iclaims

from orbit.constants.palette import OrbitPalette
<frozen importlib._bootstrap>:228: RuntimeWarning: numpy.ndarray size changed, may indicate binary incompatibility. Expected 16 from C header, got 88 from PyObject
[2]:
print(orbit.__version__)
1.1.0dev
[3]:
df = load_iclaims()
[4]:
test_size=52
train_df=df[:-test_size]
test_df=df[-test_size:]

VI Fit and Predict

Although Pyro provides a variety of ways to optimize/sample posteriors. Currently, we only support Stochastic Variational Inference (SVI). For details, please refer to this doc.

To use SVI for LGT, specify estimator as pyro-svi.

[5]:
lgt_vi = LGT(
    response_col='claims',
    date_col='week',
    seasonality=52,
    seed=8888,
    estimator='pyro-svi',
    num_steps=101,
    num_sample=300,
    message=10,
    learning_rate=0.1,
)
[9]:
%%time
lgt_vi.fit(df=train_df)
INFO:root:Guessed max_plate_nesting = 2
CPU times: user 12.7 s, sys: 526 ms, total: 13.2 s
Wall time: 12.8 s
[9]:
<orbit.forecaster.svi.SVIForecaster at 0x145f2d610>
[10]:
predicted_df = lgt_vi.predict(df=test_df)
[11]:
_ = plot_predicted_data(training_actual_df=train_df, predicted_df=predicted_df,
                    date_col=lgt_vi.date_col, actual_col=lgt_vi.response_col,
                    test_actual_df=test_df)
../_images/tutorials_pyro_basic_12_0.png

We can also extract the ELBO loss from the training metrics.

[12]:
loss_elbo = lgt_vi.get_training_metrics()['loss_elbo']
[13]:
steps = np.arange(len(loss_elbo))
plt.subplots(1, 1, figsize=(8, 4))
plt.plot(steps, loss_elbo, color=OrbitPalette.BLUE.value)
plt.title('ELBO Loss per Step')
[13]:
Text(0.5, 1.0, 'ELBO Loss per Step')
../_images/tutorials_pyro_basic_15_1.png